Monday, January 19, 2015


Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour,  byname Madame de Pompadour, also called (1741–45) Jeanne-Antoinette Le Normant d’Étioles   (born Dec. 29, 1721, Paris, France - died April 15, 1764, Versailles), influential mistress (from 1745) of the French king Louis XV and a notable patron of literature and the arts.

Madame de Pompadour, mistress, friend and adviser to Louis XV, remained with the king up to her death in 1764. Introduced to the court through relatives, she was noticed by the king and quickly became one of his preferred mistresses. Louis XV had the Petit Trianon palace built for her, a haven of peace away from the court.

The future Marquise de Pompadour, Jeanne-Antoinette Lenormant d’Etiolles, née Poisson, met Louis XV at Versailles in 1745. She was invited to the grand masked ball held for the wedding of the Dauphin Louis-Ferdinand. The king became enamoured of her and installed her that same year in the Château de Versailles, in an apartment above his own. A secret stairway enabled Louis XV to visit her there, away from prying eyes. In July 1745, he presented her with the Pompadour estate, the favourite became a Marquise and was officially presented to the court in September. But her middle-class, non-noble origins – the daughter of a financier, she was raised in the house of the king’s Farmer General – quickly attracted the criticisms of aristocratic circles. Yet she managed to get her brother, the Marquis de Marigny, appointed Superintendent of the King’s Buildings.

In the early 1750s she ceased to be the king’s mistress but still had great influence on him. Henceforth installed on the ground floor of the central palace building, she introduced young girls to the court and presented them to him, oversaw new construction work and, above all, played a role in the country’s artistic life. In 1756, she encouraged the foundation of the porcelain factory of Sèvres, promoted the laying out of the place Louis XV in Paris, the present place de la Concorde, and convinced the king, with the backing of her brother the Marquis de Marigny, to build the Petit Trianon palace. A lover of truffle soup, chocolate and champagne, Madame de Pompadour also took an interest in intellectual nourishment and in 1751 encouraged the publication of the first two volumes of the Encyclopédie of Diderot and d’Alembert.

Two years later, in 1752, Louis XV bought her the hôtel d’Evreux, now the Palais de l’Elysée, for her stays in Paris. She began to split her time between the capital and her château de Bellevue, in Meudon. But in 1764, aged 42, she died of pulmonary congestion in Versailles. The king mourned his “friend for twenty years”.

more at :


BOUCHER, François - Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour

Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour -  unknown peinter

Charles André Van Loo - Madame de Pompadour en belle jardinière

BOUCHER, François - Portrait of Marquise de Pompadour 1759

Maurice Quentin de La Tour - Marquise de Pompadour,

Francois Boucher - Marquise de Pompadour,1750

Francois Boucher -  Marquise de Pompadour

Alexander Roslin - Portrait of Madame Pompadour

François-Hubert Drouais - Portrait of Madame Pompadour

Marquise de Pompadour

Jean-Marc Nattier - Marquise de Pompadour

Jean-Marc Nattier - Marquise de Pompadour as Diana

Nattier, Jean-Marc - Portrait of Louis XV,

Petit Trianon - Today

Petit Trianon in time

No comments:

Post a Comment